Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men in the UK
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that’s found beneath the bladder and secretes prostatic fluid – part of the liquid component of semen – that nourishes and protects sperm. During orgasm, the prostate contracts and squeezes semen through the urethra, which is a tube inside the prostate, to be ejaculated out of the penis. The urethra is used mostly to carry urine from the bladder to the penis when passing urine.
Prostate cancer often grows slowly, stays inside the prostate gland and can be relatively harmless. However, some prostate cancers are more aggressive, growing quickly and spreading from the prostate to other parts of the body. Early detection is vital, giving a much higher chance of successful treatment with fewer side-effects.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer has no symptoms in its early stages. As the cancer grows, you can get symptoms because it squeezes the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body through the penis. Similar symptoms can also occur when the prostate enlarges for harmless reasons, so try not to be alarmed. You might notice that:
What causes prostate cancer?
How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
I use several tests to find out if you might have prostate cancer and to work out if it has spread. These tests include:
What are the stages of prostate cancer?
If you have cancer, it’s important to know whether it is confined within the prostate or has spread far outside to plan your treatment. Broadly, prostate cancer can be grouped as follows: