What is prostate enlargement?

The prostate is a walnut-sized, muscular gland that’s found beneath the bladder. The prostate secretes fluid, which is the liquid part of semen, that nourishes and protects sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate contracts, pushing the fluid into the urethra ready to be expelled from the penis. The urethra, which passes through the prostate, is the tube which also carries urine from the bladder, through the penis and out of the body.

In men with enlarged prostate, as the prostate gland grows, it presses on the urethra and begins to restrict the flow of urine, resulting in uncomfortable urinary symptoms. prostate enlargement is a progressive condition, and as the prostate enlarges, it can also cause problems with the bladder, urinary tract or the kidneys. Importantly, prostate enlargement is not cancer, and men with enlarged prostate do not have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. prostate enlargement becomes increasingly common as men get older, affecting around 50% of men in their 50’s, and up to 90% of men older than 80.

What are the symptoms of prostate enlargement?

What causes prostate enlargement?

It’s normal for the prostate gland to grow throughout adult life, but why for many men it grows to the point where it causes urinary symptoms is not yet fully understood. The leading theories suggest it has to do with the changing balance of sex hormone levels seen as men age. Testosterone levels typically decline as men get older, leaving a higher proportion of oestrogen, which may stimulate the cells in the prostate to grow and divide.

What complications can prostate enlargement cause?

How is enlarged prostate diagnosed?

How is enlarged prostate treated?

My advice depends on the severity of your symptoms, the size and shape of your prostate, your age and overall health. For some men with mild symptoms, either no treatment is needed, or just some lifestyle changes are required. For others, active treatment might be recommended.

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